Further, victims of bullying only report it to school adults one-third of the time, usually when the bullying is being suffered repeatedly or has caused injury.
Parents tend to be aware their child is being bullied only about half the time.
The aggression that is involved in bullying is thought to interfere with the empathy needed to refrain from bullying others.
The aggression is described as being of two different types: proactive aggression and reactive aggression.
While state laws have little consistency in their definition of bullying, the accepted definition by many mental health professionals is physical or verbal aggression that is repeated over a period of time and involves an imbalance of power.
It is further characterized by the bully repeatedly using the higher social status they have over the victim to exert power and to hurt the victim. "Are proactive and reactive aggression meaningful distinctions in adolescents?
They tend to be less popular, more often bullied by their siblings, be otherwise abuse or neglected, and to come from families of low socioeconomic status.
Bullying is one of the biggest challenges that teens are facing. Proactive aggression is described as being organized, emotionally detached, and driven by the desire for a reward. Practical approaches to reduce the impact of bullying. Reactive aggression is defined as impulsive, in response to a perceived threat or precipitant, and usually associated with intense emotion, especially anxiety or anger. Archives of Disease in Childhood December 1998: 528-531. In other words, meanness involves hurtful behaviors between people that are equals, in social standing and otherwise. Bullying is usually thought of as taking place between children at school. "Child and parental reports of bullying in a consecutive sample of children with food allergy." Pediatrics 131.1 Jan.