Basic structural behavior and design of low-rise bearing wall buildings; Basic material properties; Strength design of unreinforced masonry elements; Allowable stress design of unreinforced masonry elements; Introduction to reinforced masonry; Introduction to confined masonry.
Survey camp of 7-10 days: Total station survey, Geological survey, Creating survey map of the area including information about geological features at the site.
Stress-strain behavior of soils, CU and CD tests, p-q space, stress path; Constitutive models, Design of shallow foundations, Isolated and combined footings, Rafts; Design of deep foundations, piles, piled rafts, well foundations; Foundation optimization, Soil dynamics, Machine foundations.
Geotechnical Investigation and design project: field and laboratory tests, interpretations, reporting, design parameters, analysis and design of foundation system.
Hydroclimatology, water balance, understanding hydrologic change, statistical representation of hydrologic data, flood frequency analysis, understanding frequency of droughts, hydrologic design, hydrologic time series analysis, parametric and non-parametric trends, spectral analysis, wavelet analysis, uncertainty analysis, hydrologic modeling, and hydrologic forecasting Soil Composition, structure and classification; Shear strength of soils: Failure analysis, UC, DS and UU tests; Characterization of ground: Designing an Investigation plan, In-situ test such as SPT, DCPT, CPT, etc, Sampling techniques; Bearing capacity: Failure modes, Generalized equation, Codal provisions, General correlations and interpretations from situ tests.
Earth Materials: Structure of Solid Earth, Rock cycle, Common rock forming minerals, Types of rocks and its engineering properties, Soils: processes of formation, soil profile and soil types, Geophysical methods of earth characterization; Earth Processes: Concept of plate tectonics, sea-floor spreading and continental drift, Origin of oceans, continents, mountains and rift valleys, Earthquake and earthquake belts; Volcanoes: types products and distribution; Deformation in Earth’s interior, Faults, Folding and Joints; Dynamic behavior of Earth Surface and role of hydrosphere: River processes, Surface water hydrology, Hillslope processes, catchment erosion processes, Coastal Processes, Groundwater and karst processes; Applications in Civil Engineering and Environmental Management. Study of physical properties of minerals and rocks in hand specimen 2.
Study of topographic sheet and analysis of hillslope and watershed features 3.
Background on stones, bricks, tiles, cement, steel, concrete, paints and polymers with relevant discussions of IS code provisions; concrete mix design; durability of concrete.
Standard consistency, initial and final setting time of cement sample using Vicat’s apparatus; Soundness of given sample of cement and lime by (Le-Chatelier test, autoclave test); Compressive strength of cement sample; Fineness of cement using (dry blank sieving, Blaine’s air permeability method) Specific gravity and water absorption of coarse aggregate; Fineness modulus and particle size distribution, shape test and abrasion test of coarse, fine, and all in aggregates; Consistency & workability of freshly mixed concrete (slump & compaction test); Cube strength and cylinder strength of concrete of given proportion and given water cement ratio; Tensile strength of steel; Compressive strength and water absorption of burnt clay bricks and stone samples. Background on stones, bricks, tiles, cement, steel, concrete, paints and polymers with relevant discussions of IS code provisions; concrete mix design; durability of concrete.